IIAE CONFERENCE SYSTEM, The 1st IEEE/IIAE International Conference on Intelligent Systems and Image Processing 2013 (ICISIP2013)

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Enhancement of Sky and Cloud Type Classification
Khaled F. Hussain, Hanaa Aly Sayed

Last modified: 2013-10-01


The sky is an essential component in outdoor images. Sky and cloud type classification has applications in many areas such as image enhancement and sky image retrieval. In this paper, we improve the sky and cloud type classification rate over existing methods. Our work is based on two classification stages: sky image classification stage and sky cloud type classification stage. In sky classification stage, the image is classified into blue sky, cloudy sky, and sunset sky. Due to the impact of descriptor selection in the sky classification, we investigate ten descriptors; we show that the classifiers based on color descriptors are more accurate than the classifiers based on shape descriptors in sky type classification. We improve the sky image classification ratio using K-HSV descriptors. The sky classification with K-HSV descriptors has 77.3% correct classification rate.

In cloud type's classification stage, the cloud is classified based on the sky type. For both the blue sky and the sunset sky, the cloud type is classified into six types: cloudless, thin-cirrus, cirrus, cirrocumulus, cumulus, and cumulonimbus. In cloudy sky, the cloud type is classified into three types: stratus, stratocumulus, and altostratus. The clouds are classified based on their shape and color using Gist minimum distance classification. The average correct classification rate of the clouds classifier is over 85% for cloudless, cumulus clouds, and stratus clouds and over 60% for thin-cirrus, cumulonimbus, stratocumulus, and altostratus clouds.


image classification; sky detection; cloud types; color descriptors


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